Wrekin Shotokan Karate Club

Japanese Terms used in the dojo:

General terms

Age   Rising
Ashi    Foot 
Atemi   Art of striking vital points
Budo   Martial way or Path (Tao in chinese)
Bunkai Applications of kata
Bushi   Martial man, warrior
Bushido   Way of the warrior (Code of conduct)
Chudan   Middle area
Dojo   Martial arts training place
Gasshuku   Training camp
Gedan   Lower area
Gi or Dogi   Karate uniform
Go   Hard, rigid
Gyaku   Reverse
Gyaku Kamae    Reverse Guard 
Hai   Yes
Hajime    Begin 
Hara   Central point of body
Hari kiri   Ritual suicide
Hidari   Left
Honbu dojo   Main dojo
Ie   No
Ippon    One Point 
Jodan    Face Area 
Ju   Soft, flexible
Kamae    Guard 
Kamaete   On guard
Kame Fighting stance
Karate   Empty hand
Karate-do   The way of karate
KarateGi   Uniform 
Karateka   Student of Karate
Karateka   One who practises karate
Kata   A pre-arranged sequence of techniques against imaginary opponents
Ki   Spirit,life energy (Chi in Chinese)
Ki ai    Shout with spirit & Focus
Kihon    Basic techniques
Kime   Focus
Kohai   Junior student
Kumite   The pratical application of techniques learned against an opponent/partner. 
Mae   Forward
Mai-ai   Fighting distance
Mawatte   Turn around
Migi   Right
Mokuso Meditation
Morote   Double or both hands together
Nukite    Spear Hand/knife hand 
Obi   Belt
Osu    Karate Greeting (Yes, Thank you, Hello etc) 
Otagai ni Rei    Bow to each other
Otoshi   Downward
Rei    Bow 
Ritsurei   Standing bow
Ryu   School or tradition
Samurai   Japanese warrior class of feudal era
Sei Za    Kneel 
Seiken   Fist with focus on first two knuckles
Seiza   Kneeling position
Sempai   Lower dan grade, senior student
Sensei   Instructor/Teacher
Sensei ni Rei    Bow to Sensei 
Shihan Master instructor
Shime   Sanchin kata testing
Shome ni Rei    Bow to Flag 
Shugo    Line Up 
Soto   Outward
Tanden   Strength centre of body
Tate   Upward
Te   Hand
Te o kaete   Change hands
Uchi   Inward
Ude Tanden   Forearm conditioning
Ushiro   Backward
Wazari    Half Point 
Yame    Stop 
Yoi   Ready position
Yoko   Side
Zanshin   Awareness in defence or attack


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Ranks and Titles

Kyu   Junior Student ( From 9°Kyu White-Belt up to 1°Kyu Brown-Belt )
Dan   Senior Student ( From 1°Dan Black-Belt up to 10°Dan Black-Belt )
Kohai   Lower Grade
Sempai   Higher Grade
Sensei   Teacher
Shihan   Master

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Ichi   One ju-ichi   Eleven
Ni   Two ju-ni   Twelve
San   Three ju-san   Thirteen
Shi   Four Note 4 is considered to be an unlucky number. 4 (shi) sounds just like the word for 'death'. ju-shi (ju-yon)   Fourteen
Go   Five ju-go   Fifteen
Roku   Six ju-roku   Sixteen
Shichi   Seven ju-nana/ju-shichi   Seventeen
Hachi   Eight ju-hachi   Eighteen
Kyu   Nine ju-kyu/ju-ku   Nineteen
Jyu   Ten ni-ju   Twenty
      san-ju   Thirty
      yon-ju   Forty
      go-ju   Fifty
      roku-ju   Sixty
      nana-ju   Seventy
      hachi-ju   Eighty
      kyu-ju   Ninety
      hyaku   Hundred

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"Uke" means block in Japanese, and can be performed with hands, arms, legs and feet. Note, blocks can also be used as attacks

AGE UKE Upper Rising Block. Used to guard against an attack to the face. 
Ashi barai   Blocking sweep
Ashikubi-kake-uke Ankle hooking block
Enpi uke   Elbow block
GEDAN BARAI Lower Level Sweep. 
Gedan barai   Downward block (Lower block)
Gedan uchi barai   Downward block (Fom outside inward)
Haisho uke   Back hand block
HAISHU UKE  Back Hand Block. A block using the back of the hand. 
Haisoku barai   Instep block (Inside to outside)
HAITO UKE Ridge-hand Block. 
Haiwan-nagashi-uke back arm sweeping block
Hiji-suri-uke   Elbow sliding block
Hiza uchi uke   Knee block (Blocking outside to inside)
JUJI UKE X Block. 
Kake uke   Open hand hooking block
KAKIWAKE UKE Reverse Wedge Block. A two handed block used when an attacker attempts to grab the front chest area of the defender.
Kakuto uke Bent wrist block
Keito uke Chicken head wrist block
Ko uke   Wrist block
Kosa uke   Cross block arms crossed at wrist
MAWASHI (KAKE) UKE Round House (Hooking) Block 
Mawashi uke   Round house block with two hands
MIKAZUKI GERI UKE Crescent Kick Block, where the kick is used to block an attack. 
MOROTE UDE UKE Augmented Forearm Block. One arm and fist support the other arm in a block. The assisting arm also guards the solar plexus. 
Morote-tsukami-uke Two handed grasping block
Seiryuto uke Ox jaw block
Shuto-uke Knife-hand Block. 
Sokutei-mawashi-uke Circular sole block
Sokuto-osae-uke Pressing block with foot edge
Soto-ude-uke  Middle Level Outside Forearm Block
Sukui-uke Scooping block
Tate-Shuro-uke Vertical Knife Hand Block. 
Teisho Uke Palm Heel Block. 
Teisho-awase-uke Combined palm-heel block
Te-nagashi-uke Hand sweeping block
Te-osae-uke Hand pressing block
Uchi-ude-uke Middle Level Inside Forearm Block. 


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Uch - Striking
Empi-uchi Elbow strike
Mae enpi uchi Forward elbow strike
Otoshi empi uchi Downward elbow strike
Tate empi uchi Upward (or verical)  elbow strike
Ushiro empi uchi Back elbow strike
Yoko empi uchi Side elbow strike
Yoko Mawashi empi uchi Side round elbow strike
Tettsui Iron Hammer fist strike
Shuto-uchi Knife hand strike
Uraken-uchi Back fist strike



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Tsuki (Punching)
Age-zuki Rising punch
Awase Zuki U-Punch
Choku-zuki Straight punch
Dan-zuki Consecutive punching
Gyaku-zuki Reverse punch
Hasami-zuki Scissors punch (as in Chinte)
Heiko-zuki Parallel punch
Kagi-zuki 90 degree hook punch
Kizami-zuki Jab punch
Mawashi-zuki Roundhouse punch
Nagashi-zuki Flowing punch - resembles oi-zuki
Oi-zuki Lunge punch
Ren-zuki Alternate punching
Tate-zuke Vertical fist punch
Ura-zuki Close punch (like upper cut)
Yama-zuki Wide U-Punch - variation of Awase Zuki


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Types of fist

Types of fist
Seiken Fore fist used to deliver 'tsuki' with focus on first two knucles
Uraken Back fist
Tettsui Fist hammer using outer side of fist
Ippon-ken Index finger middle joint fist
Nakadaka-ken Middle finger middle joint fist
Hiraken Fore knucle fist
Open Hand strikes - Kaisho
Shuto Open Hand outer side
Haito Ridge Hand - inner side from index finger to the thumb joint
Haishu Back Hand
Nukite Spear Hand
Teisho Palm heel
Seiryuto Ox jaw hand
Kumade Bear hand
Kakuto Bent wrist
Keito Chicken head wrist using base and first joint of thumb
Washide Eagle hand presing fingertips together for vital point attack
Arm fist
Wan Arm
Empi Elbow
Hizagasihira Knee
Koshi Ball of foot
Sokuto Foot edge outer
Kakato Heel
Haisoku Instep
Tsumasaki Tip of toes
Hizagasir Knee

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Geri" means kick.    
Fumikomi geri   Heel stamping kick
Hiza geri   Knee kick
Kansetsu geri   Knee joint kick
Keri (Geri)   Kick
Kakato geri   Heel of foot kick
Mae geri (Keage)   Front kick (snap)
Mae geri (Kekomi)   Front kick (thrust)
Mae tobi geri   Jumping front kick
Mawashi geri   Round house kick
MIKAZUKI GERI   Crescent Kick. 
Nidan geri   Double front snap kick (Back leg first)
Ren geri   Double front snap kick (Front leg first)
Tsumasaki mae geri   Front kick with tips of toes
Ura yoko geri   Spinning side kick
Ushiro geri   Back thrust kick
Yoko geri (Keage)   Side snap kick
Yoko geri (Kekomi)   Side thrust kick
Yoko tobi geri   Jumping side kick
Haisoku   Instep
Hiza   Knee
Josokutei   Ball of the foot
Kakato   Heel of the foot
Sokuto   Foot edge
Tsumasaki   Tip of the toes

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ASHI BARAI     Foot/Leg Sweep. You may also see this as Ashi Harai.
NAMI ASHI    Inside Snapping Block, also known as Returning Wave, as seen in the Kata Tekki Shodan.
YORI ASHI   Sliding The Feet, Without Legs Crossing.
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FUDO DACHI   Rooted Stance.
HACHIJI DACHI    Open Leg Stance. The feet are positioned about one shoulder width apart and pointed outwards at 45 degrees.   The true full name for this stance should be 'Soto Hachiji Dachi', and when the feet are angled in at 45 degrees the name is 'Uchi Hachiji Dachi'.
HANGETSU DACHI   Half-Moon Stance. The feet are wide apart and the knees are dropping in, making the shape of an hourglass.
KIBA DACHI    Straddle Stance. Also known as HORSE RIDING STANCE. The feet are wide apart and both feet are pointing forwards. then sink down in the stance as if you were sitting on a horse. You should not be able to see your feet, as they should be covered by your knees.
KOKUTSU DACHI   Back Stance. A stance, which has 70 percent of the weight to the back.   The front foot is pointing forwards and the back foots heel is on the same parallel line as the front foot but angled at 90 degree's.
KOSA DACHI    Cross Stance or as it is more commonly called Crossed-feet Stance (which would be Kosa Ashi Dachi). The front foot is pointing forwards and the rear foots instep is pressed up against the Achilles tendon area of the front foot. The ball of the rear foot is touching the floor. Both knees are slightly bent.
MUSUBI DACHI   Informal attention stance, Heels placed together but with each foot turned out at 45 degrees. This used to be called 'Linked Feet Stance'
SAGI ASHI DACHI   Heron Leg Stance. A one Leg Stance where the sole of the raised foot is placed against the inside of the supporting legs knee.
SANCHIN DACHI   Hourglass Stance. As seen in the Kata Nijushiho. The rear foot and toes are pointed forwards and the heel of the front foot is level with the front of the toes of the rear foot, but the front foot is angled in at 45 degrees. Both knees are dropped in guarding the groin.
SASHI ASHI-DACHI   Stepping across / extending the foot. As seen at the start of the Kata Tekki Shodan.
SHIKO DACHI   Square Stance, or Four Thigh Stance also sometimes called SUMO STANCE. Similar to Kiba Dachi but with the feet turned out.
SHIZEN DACHI   Natural Stance.
TSURU ASHI DACHI   Crane Leg Stance. A one-leg stance where the instep of the raised leg is held against the rear of the knee of the supporting leg.
ZENKUTSU DACHI     Forward Stance. The actual translation means Front Knee Bent Stance.
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TAIKYO KYU First Cause
HEIAN SHODAN Peaceful Mind First Level
HEIAN NIDAN Peaceful Mind Second Level
HEIAN SANDAN Peaceful Mind Third Level
HEIAN YONDAN Peaceful Mind Fourth Level
HEIAN GODAN Peaceful Mind Fifth Level
TEKKI SHODAN Horse Riding First Level
TEKKI NIDAN Horse Riding Second Level
TEKKI SANDAN Horse Riding Third Level
BASSAI DAI   To penetrate a fortress Minor
BASSAI SHO  To penetrate a fortress Major
KANKU DAI   Viewing the Sky Minor
KANKU SHO Viewing the Sky Major
HANGETSU  Half Moon (Han means half. Getsu means moon)
EMPI  Flying Swallow
GANKAKU Crane on a Rock
JITTE  Ten Hands
JI-ON From the temple of Jion
JI-IN  Temple grounds
CHINTE  Strange Hands
MEIKYO Polished Mirror 
NIJUSHIHO Twenty-Four Steps
SOCHIN  Immovable in the face of danger
WANKAN  King's Crown
UNSU Hands in the cloud


GOJUSHIHO DAI Fifty Four Steps Minor
GOJUSHIHO SHO Fifty Four Steps Major


GANKAKU SHO Crane on a rock - Major
NIJUHACHIHO Twenty Eight Steps (although there are actually 56 steps - each action requiring two techniques)

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Website last up dated: 06-Jun-2015